Episode 7 Study Disciplines and Career options in Australia

Hi this is Tenielle from Study in Australia TV.

In our last episode we talked about the Australian University system, qualifications quality of the Australian Higher Education system and what factors are important in choosing which University to study at in Australia.

In this Episode today, Episode 7, we’re going to concentrate on Study Disciplines and Career options in Australia across three discipline areas.

Business, Management and Commerce programs

Law and Legal Studies programs

and Agriculture, Environment and Veterinary Science programs.

When deciding what to study it’s important to understand the relevance of a particular course in relation to the associated career path or job options.

In this Episode we’ll give you an overview of courses in these areas what Professional Associations are relevant to those courses and what career pathways and job options are available in Australia if you stay on after your studies and access the Post Study Work Visa.

Remember the program information we’ll cover today is general so can vary slightly between institutions.

But it will give you a good overview of the areas you can study in Australia and what career or job it may lead to.

So let’s start with Business, Management and Commerce.

The Business, Management and Commerce discipline is one of the most popular program areas for international students coming to study in Australia.

Studying in this field will provide you with an understanding of how businesses and organisations work in Australia.
You can expect to develop critical decision-making skills when undertaking studies in this field and build a career transferable in the global workforce.
In the Business, Management and Commerce field of study, you will learn the theory and practice of professions such as:
Accounting,
Actuarial Studies,
Banking & Finance Business Management,
Commerce,
Economics,
Event Management,
Hospitality & Tourism Human Resource Management,
International Business,
Logistics,
Marketing
and Property Studies.

So, what are your course options in this area?

In the Vocational Education and Training or VET sector there are practical hands-on programs, which will help students to be job-ready.

VET courses also provide a pathway to further Undergraduate or Bachelor degree studies.
In VET courses you will typically learn skills in Accounting, Administration, Book-keeping Event Planning, Financial Services and Sales & Marketing.
Undergraduate or Bachelor degree programs provide students with an understanding across all areas of Business & Management.
Students can major in specific discipline areas such as Banking, Finance, Economics, Marketing and Human Resource Management for example.
In the Management area these programs will teach students to be skilled problem solvers.
Managers need to have good communication skills but will also spend their time organising staff setting strategies, managing resources and projects to achieve business goals and objectives.
In the Accounting, Commerce and Finance area the programs will teach students expertise in Accounting, Taxation Auditing and Finance for example.
Students will learn more about the economic and political influences affecting Business and Finance.
In the Marketing area students will learn about branding and how to grow brands consumer buyer behaviour, how to gain market share and increase sales for instance.
Postgraduate or Research degrees provide the opportunity to further develop expert knowledge in an area of choice.
A Masters in Business Administration or MBA is a common Postgraduate degree for Business.
Other Postgraduate Business programs include Master of Finance Master of Human Resource Management or Master of Financial Planning.
Some University Business Schools have International Business accreditations like the American AACSB or the European EQUIS accreditation.
These accreditations place the Business School in the top grouping of Business Schools in the World regardless of the overall ranking of the University itself.
For instance, if a Business School has both AACSB and EQUIS accreditation it will be in the top 1% of Business Schools worldwide.
These Business accreditations are awarded to Business schools that meet strict standards of quality, academic and professional excellence.
This gives students the assurance that these Business degrees are amongst the best and will develop excellent Business understanding and skills.
So, what would a future look like in Business, Management and Commerce in Australia you might ask?
An Australian qualification in Business, Management or Commerce is widely recognised and accepted by major employers such as KPMG, Deloitte, PWC, Google and Samsung to name a few.
After graduation, students may be eligible for a graduate program at one of Australia’s leading Business Commerce or Management organisations if they stay on under the Post Study Work Visa.
Many Business programs include internships, practical assignments or projects and unpaid work placements that provide students with practical experience in an Australian organisation.

For example, a student completing a program in Hotel Management may be required to complete a 10 week internship in an International Hotel on which they are assessed.

Other programs require students to complete an assignment or project based on a typical work situation in Business such as designing
and publishing a brochure for an event for example.

On graduation from a Business, Management or Commerce program students may be eligible for membership to their relevant Professional Association.

In some cases this may require further specific studies.

For example, a Bachelor of Commerce graduate may complete further courses to become a CPA or Chartered Accountant.

By becoming a fully accredited Accountant, they increase their potential
earning capacity.

Following are some of the Professional Associations students may be eligible for in the Business and Management fields.

In the Accounting field:
CPA Australia
Institute of Public Accountants or IPA
The Tax Institute,
The Institute of Chartered Accountants or ICAA
Association of Chartered Certified Accountants or ACCA
International Federation of Accountants or IFAC

In Actuarial Studies:
Institute of Actuaries of Australia
American Academy of Actuaries Canadian Institute of Actuaries or CIA
Institute and Faculty of Actuaries UK
International Actuarial Association or IAA

In Banking and Finance:
Financial Services Institute of Australasia or FINSIA
Financial Executives Institute of Australia or FEI Association for Financial Professionals or AFP

In Business and Management:
Business Council of Australia or BCA
Institute of Management Consultants or IMC Australia
International Association of Business Communicators or IABC

In Commerce:
Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry or ACCI
International Chamber of Commerce or ICC

In Economics
International Economics and Finance Society or IEFS
Economics Society of Australia or ESA

In Marketing and Public Relations:
Australian Marketing Institute Public Relations Institute of Australia or PRIA
International Public Relations Associations or IPRA

In Tourism:
Australian Hotels Association or AHA
Australian Institute of Travel and Tourism Incorporated or AITT
Ecotourism Australia
World Travel and Tourism Council or WTTC

So, what are the typical job opportunities and career paths in the Business, Management and Commerce discipline area?

Students across this broad discipline area may work in the following jobs or professions
Accountant;
Actuarial Officer;
Administration;
Auditor;
Banking;
Bookkeeper;
General Manager
Human Resource Manager;
International Economist;
Marketing Manager;
Property Valuation;
Public Relations and Advertising;
Quality Assurance Manager;
Real Estate Agent;
Risk Management;
or Travel Agent.
Studying a Business, Management or Commerce degree will give students a range of skills to become an Investment Banker for example.

These skills include raising capital for Organisations, analysing financial transactions being involved with Business acquisitions or mergers and interpreting the Share Market for example.

Or you might be interested in becoming an Event Manager so will need to learn the skills to run events, plan and book venues, do the marketing and promotion and then afterwards analyse and report on the event performance.

There are so many interesting occupations in the Business and Management industry and the range of skills required are quite diverse.

Universities will also help to develop student’s soft skills like effective communication working in a team, leadership and problem solving for instance.

All of these skills will help to make you more employable.

So I hope you learnt a lot about the Business, Management and Commerce discipline, so let’s move onto the Law discipline now.

The discipline of Law is suitable for people wanting to become a Lawyer Legal adviser in an Organisation or pursue a career through Law enforcement agencies.

Studying Law is about understanding the society we live in and the power or legal structures within it.

For instance, understanding why we have the laws that we do?

How these Laws have changed and evolved over a period of time?

Also, how the Laws should be interpreted?

Law programs in Australia cover the following specialisations
Commercial Law;
Constitutional Law;
Criminal Law
Criminology;
Economics Law;
Employment Law;
Environmental Law
Health Law;
Human Rights Law;
Indigenous Law;
Intellectual Property Law Justice Studies;
Legal Practice Administration;
and Maritime Law.

Law administration programs such as Justice Administration and Legal Practice can be studied at all qualification levels.

Students wishing to pursue Law for a career as a practising Lawyer Solicitor or Barrister must complete a Bachelor of Laws.

Australian Universities offer both Legal Administration and Law programs.

Typical Undergraduate Law programs include
Bachelor of Arts in Law;
Bachelor of Arts in Criminology;
Bachelor of Laws
Bachelor of Laws and Legal Practice;
and Bachelor of Justice.

Postgraduate Law programs include
Graduate Certificate of Law;
Graduate Certificate in Business Law;
Graduate Certificate in Ethics and Legal;
Graduate Diploma in Legal Practice;
Master of Applied Law;
Master of Laws
and Doctor of Juridical Science

There are two strands of Law programs
Those that allow a student to gain knowledge of the Law, for example, Bachelor of Arts in Criminology and Criminal Justice
and those programs that provide academic qualifications for students wanting to practise Law for example, Bachelor of Laws.

Law students learn about the Australian legal system and develop the skills to interpret and apply legal principles in a variety of settings.

Students will get to practice in various practical situations and develop practical skills in mock Moot Courts further develop their negotiation skills and apply learning with witness examination.

Coursework Postgraduate Law programs like the Master of Laws are available for Law professionals wishing to further their studies
or non-law professionals who wish to gain knowledge in Law such as the Master of Applied Law.

So what are the Professional Associations for Law graduates?

Law programs in Australia sometimes include a practical component where students acquire some practical experience in a Law organisation such as a Solicitor’s office.

Students are also exposed to Moot Courts and assessed on their performance.

Most Australian Law programs are recognised internationally.

However, some students from select countries may be required to complete further studies to practise in their home country.

On graduation from Law students may be eligible for membership to a Professional Association such as Law Council of Australia or LCA
Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe or CCBE,
Australian Federal Police Association or AFPA
International Police Association or IPA
Australasian Council of Women and Policing or ACWAP

Career opportunities for graduating Law students include
Barrister Criminologist;
Intelligence Analyst;
International Lawyer
Legal Aid Officer;
Lawyer;
Magistrate;
Policy Advisor;
or Solicitor.

Solicitors in Australia focus on areas like family law, personal injury criminal litigation, residential property disputes and taxation laws.

Students will learn mediation and negotiation skills for disputes between parties.

Or there may the possibility to advocate for asylum seekers or practice in Environmental Law to help save the environment.

There are so many possibilities in this field.

Ok I hope you’re learning a lot!

We’ve covered Business, Management and Law disciplines so far in this Episode.

So let’s talk about a completely different area of learning; Agriculture Environment and Veterinary Science programs.

Jobs in these fields are currently in high demand with five positions available for every Agriculture graduate in Australia.

There are currently 7 Australian Universities ranked in the top 100 Universities in the World for Agriculture and 9 Australian Universities in the top 100 in the World for Environmental Science.

So, Australia is well placed to teach this broad area of Agriculture and the Environment, particularly as Australia has such a diverse environmental landscape and agriculture is such a large industry here.

Agriculture is about understanding the land, animals crops and how important the connection is for communities.

Environmental issues are amongst the most pressing issues of our current time, with food and water security, natural resource depletion and climate change amongst many environmental concerns.

Students will learn latest agricultural methods, from adapting genes and cells for new crops to the business of livestock, or land management for improving yields.

Environmental science develops student learning in ecology soil science, geography and environmental sustainability.

This links well into Veterinary Science and the importance of the wellbeing of animals both in Agricultural and domestic situations.

This broad discipline of Agriculture, Environment and Veterinary Science covers a large study area which includes the following specialisations
Agricultural Biotechnology;
Agronomy;
Animal Science;
Aquaculture;
Conservation and Land Management;
Ecology;
Environmental Management;
Forestry;
Horticulture;
Natural Resource Management;
Veterinary Science;
Viticulture;
Water Management;
and Zoology.

Typical programs offered in the VET sector in Agriculture Environmental and Veterinary Science fields include
Certificate in Animal Studies;
Certificate in Forest Operations Diploma of Agriculture;
Diploma of Conservation and Land Management Diploma of Horticulture;
Diploma of Veterinary Nursing
and Advanced Diploma of Renewable Energy.

Programs offered at the Undergraduate level in Agriculture Environmental and Veterinary Science fields include
Bachelor of Agricultural Sciences;
Bachelor of Animal Science
Bachelor of Applied Science;
Bachelor of Aquaculture;
Bachelor of Environmental Science and Management;
Bachelor of Natural Resource Management
Bachelor of Veterinary Science;
Bachelor of Viticulture and Oenology;
and Bachelor of Zoology.

Programs offered at the Postgraduate level in Agriculture Environmental and Veterinary Science fields include
Master of Environmental Science;
Master of Veterinary Science
and Master of Viticulture and Oenology.

Most of the programs offered within this discipline include hands-on practical experience such as laboratory experiments, field studies and research assignments or projects.

This experience provides graduates with on-the-job skills before graduation.

Graduates may be eligible for membership with one of the following Professional Associations.

In the Agriculture field:
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation or CSIRO
National Farmers Federation or NFF World Farmers Organization or WFO

In Environment:
Australian Conservation Foundation or ACF,
Ecological Society of Australia or ECOLSOC Environmental Institute of Australia and NZ Association or EIANZ

In Fisheries:
National Aquaculture Council or NAC Australia,
World Aquaculture Society or WAS

In Forestry:
National Association of Forest Industries or NAFI
Global Association of Online Foresters or GAOF

In Horticulture and Viticulture:
Australian Institute of Horticulture or AIH,
Australian Grape and Wine Incorporated or AGWI,
International Society for Horticultural Science or ISHS

In Veterinary Science:
Australian Veterinary Association or AVA
World Veterinary Association or WVA

Australia’s diverse and natural environment is widely recognised around the world and is the perfect landscape to gain expert knowledge and experience in this field.

Gaining qualified skills from some of the industry’s leading academics is recognised by organisations such as GrainCorp, Prensa and Devondale Murray Goulburn to name a few.

Career opportunities for graduating students in Agriculture Environmental and Veterinary Science fields include
Agricultural Scientist;
Animal Attendant;
Aquaculture Officer
Environmental Scientist;
Farmer or Farm Worker;
Horticulturalist;
Forestry and Soil Professional;
Park Ranger;
Veterinarian;
Veterinarian Assistant;
Viticulturalist;
Winemaker
and Zoologist.

There is a high rate of employability for Agricultural students in Australia as well and how critical is it to improve primary production outputs or work in sustainability research or policy advice to Governments.

Career and job opportunities across this discipline are diverse and may be in the mining, wildlife, parks or in renewable energy industries for example.

So that’s the end of Study in Australia TV Episode 7 on Study Disciplines and Career options in Australia across Business, Management & Commerce; Law & Legal Studies and Agriculture, Environment and Veterinary Science.

We’ve covered quite a lot today, but I hope you’ve found it interesting and have learnt some new information as well.

In our next Episode we’ll be covering Health, Science Engineering and Information Technology disciplines.

So check our Study in Australia TV channel for the next episode on Study Disciplines in Australia.

So see you next time for some more interesting information about studying in Australia.

Please let us know if you need any help or advice.

Bye for now!

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